Diet, lack of certain nutrients, and lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol and lack of exercise, can affect the quality of a woman’s eggs, her hormonal balance and her ovulation. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can help increase your chances of pregnancy.
Your fertile window is the days in your menstrual cycle when pregnancy is possible.
Ovulation occurs once a month, between 12 and 16 days from the start of a woman’s period, if she has a regular menstrual cycle of 28-30 days.
After ovulation, an egg survives for less than 24-hours, so it needs to be fertilised at this precise time. Sperm can survive up to five days while your egg can only survive for one day. The theoretical fertile window is thus 5 days, which includes the four days before ovulation and the day of ovulation.
The egg lives about 24 hours after ovulation while sperm can survive for up to 5 days in the fallopian tubes. The most fertile days in your cycle are the 4 days leading up to ovulation and the day of ovulation.
Many of us lead busy and stressful lives and trying for a baby can add to this stress. Stress can contribute to a loss of libido, which in turn can reduce the frequency of sexual intercourse. Stress hormones like cortisol may also disrupt signaling between the brain and the reproductive system affecting hormone production and ovulation..
Problems with ovulation are the cause of infertility in about 30% of women with fertility issues. Ovulation disorders can be caused by Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), thyroid problems, or premature ovarian failure.
Exercise is important for maintaining good health and can also improve fertility. Moderate exercise like brisk walking, yoga and pilates will not only help get you get into shape but it can also reduce stress. However, vigorous exercise for more than 5 hours a week has been shown to decrease the chances of pregnancy
Being underweight or overweight can reduce your fertility. You should aim to have your body mass index (BMI) between 20 and 25. Don’t go on a crash diet. It could affect your ovulation and consequently your fertility.
Women are most fertile during the days just before and during ovulation. If you have a regular 28-day cycle, count back 14 days from when you expect your next period to start. Plan on having sex every other day around that day.
There are so many people who worry excessively about becoming pregnant and once they release that stress, their body reacts to the new peace by creating a new life. So, try not to worry and enjoy the fun of trying to conceive.